Taking the Train from Cusco to Machu Picchu

Taking the Train from Cusco to Machu Picchu

If you are the comfortable-type, train transport is the best option for travelling from Cusco to Machu Picchu. The other common alternative to reach the Lost City of the Incas, the strenuous Inca Trail, involves 3 days of hard trekking through a beautiful yet arduous landscape. And taking a helicopter is most probably not an option, both because it’s unaffordable and it misses the beautiful Andean scenery that comes with the land journey.

Besides the strenuous Inca Trail to Machu Picchu, which usually takes 3 days of hard trekking through a beautiful yet arduous landscape, train transport is the best option to travel from Cusco to Machu Picchu. Ok, you can reach the Inca citadel by helicopter, but only the few can afford it –besides, you’ll miss the beautiful Andean scenery that comes with the journey.

Train transport to Machu Picchu is indeed the best alternative for the trekking-adverse: not better nor worse, just different. Still charming and attractive, yet much more comfortable.

Rail services to Machu Picchu, Peru’s most important tourist site, are managed by Peru Rail, a company of the Orient Express group (which also runs the exclusive Monasterio Hotel in Cusco and Miraflores Park Plaza hotel in Lima). Trains depart from the San Pedro station in Cusco (close to the Huanchac market), and arrive at Machu Picchu city (Aguas Calientes) some 3 hours and 40 minutes later.

The spectacular journey begins at Cusco with a series of switchbacks, or zig-zags, as they are know locally, that last for half-hour: the trains ascends the Picchu mountain, up to the city’s highest point (El Arco or The Arch) and out of Cusco into the village of Poroy.

The train then descends into the Sacred Valley and the foothills of the Andes, along the Urubamba River, passing through a beautiful landscape packed with typical Andean crops and grasslands, herds of llamas, and colourful villages. Many old Inca buildings and archaeological sites can be seen along the journey, in particular the magnificent Wiñay Wayna ruins and Q’ente (hummingbird in Quechua), amidst a lush vegetation where a nearby waterfall attracts oversize hummingbirds and colourful flowers blossom all the time.

In alternative to the Cusco departure, travellers can choose to take the train at Ollaytantambo or Urubamba, in the heart of the Sacred Valley of the Incas. This offers the possibility of staying longer in Machu Picchu -that is, without having to pass the night there-, as the first trains arrive before any other, at 7am, and depart from the Lost City of the Incas after every other train has left, at 6.10pm.

Regarding carriage qualities, you can choose among the plain Backpacker train, the more upscale VistaDome train, or the luxurious Hiram Bigham train (which departs from the village of Poroy, some 20 minutes from Cusco’s city centre).

Breaking Into The “Brick City”: Newark Travel Tips

Breaking Into The “Brick City”: Newark Travel Tips

For business or pleasure, Newark is a prime destination for travel within the Tri-State Area of New York, New Jersey and Connecticut. Newark is the most populous and commercially active city in New Jersey, as it is the seat of Essex County and a major shipping port for New York Harbor near the Atlantic coast. Newark Liberty International Airport also happens to be the first major airport to serve the New York metropolitan area and one of the largest airports in the country.

Once you have secured your airfare to Newark, you will soon be able to enjoy a city overflowing with Colonial history, American heritage and central to anywhere you would want to be in the Tri-State Area. Located just 5 miles west of Manhattan and 2 miles north of Staten Island, Newark offers prime access to the sights and attractions of New York City with a more relaxed and refined environment to return to at the end of the day.

Colonial Legacy: New England’s Newark

Newark happens to be the third-oldest city in the United States, with colonial roots dating back to 1666 when Connecticut Puritans established a settlement that was originally known as Milford. Take a visit to Military Park in downtown and catch a glimpse of the Wars of America monument constructed by the artist Gutzon Borglum of Mount Rushmore fame. Military Park was also an actual military training zone for soldiers and colonials in Newark’s early days of the 17th century. For a bit more history and some science, visit the acclaimed collections of the Newark Museum, which includes works by Georgia O’Keeffe, John Singer Sargent, as well as a world-renowned Tibetan collection. Make sure to reserve an entire day as the Newark Museum’s grounds are also home to a planetarium, café, sculpture garden and the Ballantine House, a National Historic Landmark built in 1885.

A Newark Rebirth, One Brick at a Time

Newark was the site of the infamous 1967 riots, fueled by racial inequality and staggering poverty. Since that time the city has suffered considerable flight of capital until the 1990s when development projects hit the streets. Today, Newark is a multimedia and multicultural experience, offering state of the art performance spaces and brand new sporting facilities.

The New Jersey Performing Arts Center is a new addition to the city’s landscape, hosting top Billboard acts alongside international orchestras and theater. The Lincoln Park/Coast district is now a Cultural District with an Arts Park, the Museum of African American Music and the magnificent Symphony Hall. Additionally several of Newark’s 1920s era skyscraper and art-deco buildings have been glamorously restored. The Cathedral of the Sacred Heart happens to be one of the largest Gothic cathedrals in the United States, brimming with an unimaginable amount of brilliantly intricate stained glass.’

The Grand Canyon: Life In The Gorge

The Grand Canyon: Life In The Gorge

An eagle swoops overhead, its vast wingspan silhouetted against the morning sun. A trained eye surveys the land below, anticipating any sudden movement.

Deep in the canyon beneath, the Colorado River runs its relentless course through Grand Canyon National Park, carved through the ages by this vein flowing through Arizona. As the sun climbs the morning sky, flooding the valley with light, the ground temperature rises and the creatures of the valley begin their daily quest for survival.

The immense scale of the Grand Canyon is difficult to comprehend. At its peak, the side walls plummet 1500 m (5000 ft) down to the river. At its broadest the canyon extends up to 29 km (18 mi) wide and overall the complex stretches over 446 km (227 mi).

The Grand Canyon is perhaps America’s most recognisable landmark. The region is a magnet for tourists, attracting over 5 million visitors each year. Nobody fully appreciates the landscape until they have experienced it for themselves.

From the Colorado River, deep in the canyon floor, layer upon layer of rock becomes noticeable, stacked like pancakes, each one representing millions of years of evolution. Tiers of lime and sandstone stand excavated by the river, wind and sands of time.

Above the canyon, the temperature in the plateau area ranges from one extreme to another. Down on the canyon floor, temperatures can exceed 100°F, though winter frosts are rare.

It’s surprising to imagine anything living in this hot and arid land far from the river, but the valleys are bursting with life. Plants and animals cling precariously to the vertical cliff faces, every nook and cranny bustling with activity.

Deep on the valley floor, the creatures scurry around, living their own rat race. The park is home to a wide variety of animals including the unique Grand Canyon “pink” rattlesnake. Ringtails, beavers and chipmunks are all widespread. Hundreds of bird species have made their home in the park, as well as countless insects and arachnids.

The canyon communities have their own pecking orders. Here, in this parched and hostile land, the food chain provides a delicate balance between survival, or finishing as dinner for those in the hierarchy. The environment is uncompromising and evolution has chosen its few.

In the distance, the eagle glides effortlessly over the broad crevasse. A sudden change in direction and the predator is racing to the ground at speed. Moments later, an unfortunate rodent has become breakfast.

Top 5 Places to See in Iceland

Top 5 Places to See in Iceland

In my capacity as the UK Director of Operations for One World Tours Limited, one of my jobs is to ensure every client is well informed about the destinations that they have chosen to visit, so here are my top 5 places to make sure you include in any Holiday in Iceland…

1. Covering an area of 36.5 square km Myvatn is the fourth largest lake in Iceland. It has an abundance of small coves and over 40 small islets.
You will have to experience for yourself the stunning natural beauty of the area. Some of the most popular places are the lava formations at Dimmu Borgir a result of an active volcanic past, Mt. Hverfjall an enormous crater (The rim of the crater is only accessible by two trails, It is strictly forbidden to use other routes up or down). Krafla a 10km caldera, and the geothermal area east of Namaskarour.You will have a great opportunity to observe the abundant bird life in this bizarre landscape.

2. Geysers. No trip to Iceland would be complete without a visit to see the Geysers. The Great Geyser was the greatest natural attraction in Iceland in the past. It used to erupt a jet of boiling water and steam 80m high into the air.
Strokkur is now one of the most famous geysers in Iceland and you can judge when it will erupt as it does so every 5 to 10 minutes. The Great Geyser is located only 20 meters away from it. The spout reaches up to 20 meters’ high and although it is not as high as its’ great predecessor, it is still an impressive sight.
Everywhere you look you can see the boiling sulphurous landscape which has many dotted steaming vents and hot and cold springs.
Even if you are not a gardener/plant lover you will notice the rare and primitive plant life that grows in this unusual location.

3. The Blue Lagoon is a stunning natural feature in Iceland. Research tells me that the white Silica mud and blue-green algae form a light natural sediment on the bottom of the lagoon giving it its ghostly, opaque, aquamarine colour. One can not help but be drawn to this natural wonder. Purported to have curative powers this man-made lagoon has a water temperature of 40C. The Blue Lagoon is a truly magnificent and unique experience especially if you wish to bathe in it when there is snow all around you!

4. On a clear day in Reykjavik, the enigmatic Snaefellsjokull glacier can be seen across the sea in the distance even though it is over 60 miles away. People believe that it has mystical powers ever since Jules Verne wrote The Journey to the Centre of the Earth”. The landscape features stunning moorlands, beautiful meadows, rivers and small ponds along with beautiful rock formations not to mention the black sand beaches. Being in Iceland was like being on another planet.

5. Thingvellir National Park is said by some to be one of the most beautiful places in Iceland, having seen so much of it I could not make such a statement as Icelands’ landscape has so many unusual and truly remarkable locations.
To Icelanders Thingvellir is a place of great importance as in 930 Parliament was founded there.

The Perfect African Safari

The Perfect African Safari

Many people dream of going on safari; seeing animals in the natural habitat and experiencing the beauty of the African landscape. A boutique safari hotel offers luxurious surroundings with an outstanding backdrop.

Where is it?

Many safari holidays are based in South Africa and Kenya. South Africa is one of the largest African countries, located at the bottom of the continent, whilst Kenya is further north on the east coast of Africa.

Where can I stay?

The beauty of staying at a boutique hotel when you’re on safari is that it offers you the comfort and luxury you would expect from a city hotel, whilst also allowing you to experience the unique landscape. The Makanyane Safari Lodge in South Africa is set within a huge game reserve and features just eight suites, whose design includes indoor and outdoor showers and glass walls so that your view of the park is undisturbed. Wide folding doors allow you to let the outside in and the hotel organises safari drives and game walks so that you can see everything you came for. In Kenya, Dodo’s Tower is a luxury boutique way to see big and small game up close. It’s expensive, but worth every penny, as a private airstrip allows you to go wherever you want to, the excellent cuisine can be served as you watch the sun go down from your balcony and you are free to drink in the sights and sounds of Kenya’s Lake Naivasha.

What can I see?

Safari holidays are designed to let you see big game and other wildlife in its natural habitat. There is nothing more astounding than being in the same environment as animals you’ve only ever seen in a zoo or on the television. The plains of Africa are home to a huge number of species, but most people want to see elephants, giraffes, big cats, zebras, hippos and birds. Whatever your particular interest, the guides arranged by boutique hotels can tailor your trip to give you the best chance of seeing it. In addition to the animals, don’t forget to pay close attention to the landscape itself. The wide plains, lakes and volcanic formations all make for stunning photographs and unforgettable memories – and the perfect backdrop for some stunning sunrises and sunsets.

How do I get around?

Once you’ve arrived at the airport, you will need to drive or take a connecting flight to the game reserve. This can be organised for you by your hotel, who may also be able to arrange your safari tours. These will either be in 4×4 jeeps, or special minibuses. You can also take safari walks with a trained guide, charter an aircraft or take a hot air balloon ride.

More Than Monuments – Places To See In Richmond

More Than Monuments – Places To See In Richmond

Richmond, Virginia is a city surrounded by history working hard to achieve a good future. Not far from Richmond on the James River is Jamestown, the first settlement in the United States by the British and 30 miles north of Richmond is Williamsburg, start of the Virginia colony.

The American Civil War raged through the heart of Richmond which was the capital of the old South and battlefields, houses, and memories from that time exist around the city still. Richmond has become famous for Monument Avenue, a long stretch of highway downtown which features huge stone statues of civil war heroes. Monument Avenue was also a bronze statue of tennis great Arthur Ashe who defeated racial segregation to become one of the premier tennis players in the world and work to ensure racial equality and understanding within the world of professional sports. However Richmond is much more than monuments and flags. It is surrounded by natural treasures.

Maymont Park

Near the center of downtown Richmond is Maymont Park. Once a 100 acre private residence owned by wealthy family named the Dooley’s, they donated the entire estate to the people of Richmond for the future of the city. The park features a visitor center with aquatic displays, a children’s petting zoo, an Italian garden, amazingly well constructed Japanese garden from two periods of Japanese history, and a horse carriage museum. Amidst all that is a sprawling open park for picnicking and relaxation. Maymont Park is free and open to the public and hosts many events to educate citizenry and visitors on conserving the land and natural resources of central Virginia.

Ginter botanical Gardens

One of the highlights to any trip to Richmond is a trip through the Lewis Ginter Botanical Gardens. The sprawling environment features several specialized Gardens including: the four seasons Garden made of indigenous materials and mythical fountains, a healing Garden made of plants used for medicine and medieval healing, a sunken garden designed and shaped like ancient Rome and the Rose Garden framed around a reflecting pool set aside by the many colors of roses available. The Ginter Gardens also feature walkways and an educational center, a horticultural awareness center and a peaceful healing environment for anyone who needs a little rest and beauty in their lives. The Gardens charge a minimal fee for entering and participants can stay as long as they desire.

Cold Harbor Battlefield

Because Civil War history plays so much a part in the Richmond landscape, preserved battle sites and houses can be seen in and around the Richmond area. By far the best preserved is the Cold Harbor Battlefield park. Located on Route 156 slightly south of Mechanicsville, Virginia approximately 25 miles from Richmond, this battlefield features a 1 mile paved walk through the last battlefield the south won on during the Civil War. Place markers show bunkers that have been preserved, Union and Confederate lines and lead to the Garthwright House a structure remaining from the Civil War that was used as a hospital for Union soldiers. Cold Harbor Battlefield offers a peaceful beautiful walk through history.

Among these natural delights is Richmond, a city full of technology, business opportunities with a nod towards its future economic development. Fortunately, with such natural delights and historical emphasis Richmond will never escape its past.

Cheap Holiday In Madrid

Cheap Holiday In Madrid

Have you thought about a vacation to Madrid? You can plan a cheap holiday in Madrid and enjoys days of sightseeing and relaxing. The nightlife is something to experience. La Venencia is a fun club to visit as well as La Fidula and Café Central. Oh yes, these are some great places to enjoy the culture of Spain. If you need something a little more hip and fast, the Club Joy Estava will settle your need for a fast night. The city of Madrid really comes to life after the sun goes down. It is a fantastic time and you meet some great people.

Although Madrid has many bars and clubs, it also has historical sites, flea markets, theaters, the Safari de Madrid Wildlife Park and Snow Park, which is a beautiful place to ski. If you are looking for a theme park, Faunia will fit the bill. It is a beautiful water park with rides and plenty of wildlife attractions. You could spend an entire day in this theme park and still want to go back for more. The history museum Museo de San Isidro is a great place to spend the day. You can see the historical exhibits and learn about the history of Madrid.

Your cheap holiday in Madrid does not stop there, you can visit the many specialty shops, famous neighborhoods and art galleries. The Royal Botanical gardens are a place to find peace and serenity. This area of Spain is a tourist town with more to do then anywhere else you could visit. They have a winery, palaces and beautiful parks to walk around and see the beautiful landscape. Your vacation will not end with that, the hotels have many activities and amenities and the restaurants are superb.

The restaurants you will find are serving French cuisine, vegetarian foods, German, Mexican, Asian, Mediterranean and African. You will fine many different styles of restaurants from casual to fine dining. You will even find a McDonald’s. Many of the hotels you will find in a cheap holiday in Madrid package have onsite restaurants or one just next door.

The Madrid Zoo is a day worth spending. You will see frogs, an insect leaf specimen, amazing and colorful fish as well as the dolphin. The zoo is truly unique from any other zoo for its unusual habitants. If you need more excitement, try a visit to the country. You will find that you have so much to do, it is always wise to spend a full week if not two weeks to see as much as you can. The best time to go is when the weather is just cooling off. During the hot summer months, many of the residents go somewhere cooler and come back when the weather cools.

If you want to a lot of exploring, go when the temperatures drop a bit. It will make your trip memorable and you can get out more instead of needing to be in an air-conditioned room or another type of building.

All Natural Freebies abound in Seattle

All Natural Freebies abound in Seattle

If you’re an outdoors kind of person and really enjoy the sights and sounds of nature, or simply enjoy not being trapped inside a building all day, then Seattle Washington has plenty to offer you should you decide to visit. When planning your visit to Seattle, you will probably find that there are many things that appeal to you and it is quite difficult to narrow them down by interest alone.

This is the point when I divide activities into categories such as: things I really want to do, things that seem interesting, and things that will really just pass the time. Then, I take those things and do a reality (which translates to price) check. I try to justify the expenses of the things I really want to do that are more than I’d like to pay by sneaking in things I’d like to do equally as much for free. It’s a great concept and works really well when giving children a choice of activities. Let them choose between two free activities. They still get a voice and feel as though they are an important part of the decision making process and you aren’t spending an hour for them to jump on a fancy trampoline.

Here are some of the excellent free activities that can be enjoyed in the great outdoors of Seattle Washington. The really great news is that many of these are actually both entertaining and educational. This is good for you and the kids who will leave Seattle with some degree of knowledge about something other than the ice cream flavors that are offered there.

The first freebie that I recommend is the Volunteer Park Conservatory. This is of special interest to those who love flowers. The conservatory is divided into five houses which each provides a suitable habitat for growing very specific plants. The five houses are: Bromeliad House, which is members of the pineapple family; Palm House, which consists of about 1200 species; Fern House, which features an assortment of tropical ferns and other exotic plants; Seasonal Display House, which changes with the season and consists of many common and recognizable house plants; and Cactus House, which is rather self explanatory. The conservatory is free to the public and a great way to pass time for any flower lover in your group.

Next there is the Washington Arboretum Park. This park is actually a 200-acre arboretum that was designed by the same firm responsible for the design of Central Park in New York. The park hosts 40,000 trees, shrubs, and vines. You can pay for a tour or simply wander around and enjoy the landscape. The purpose of this park is to preserve certain species of plants while offering education to the public and anyone who wishes to learn and benefit from the knowledge that can be gained there.

Next there is the Woodland Park Rose Garden. This garden is located next to the zoo but is open to the public free of charge. There is a parking fee during zoo hours, but parking is free after hours. The climate of Seattle is mild enough that roses seem to flourish and grow beautifully here. The rose gardens receive over 200,000 visitors each year and are a great sight to see while you are visiting Seattle.

Finally, there is Discovery Park. This park offers stunning views and a place to contemplate the beauty of nature and the surroundings of Seattle. The park itself is 534-acres making it the largest city park in Seattle. The purpose of this park was to provide sanctuary for wildlife and a place to learn about nature for those who were interested. The park has a play area for children, picnic equipment, and trails and paths for exploration.

Nature is a wonderful thing to behold and Seattle is blessed with some of the most beautiful natural surroundings on earth. It only makes sense that while on vacation you should be able to enjoy the beautiful plants, animals, and scenery that abound in the area. I sincerely hope you take the opportunity to enjoy some of these great places.

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National Parks Offer Affordable And Accessible Fun

National Parks Offer Affordable And Accessible Fun

National parks and family vacations just seem to go hand in hand. In fact, most people over the age of 35 have at least one fond childhood memory of a national park family vacation. Today, many parents long to recreate that magical childhood vacation experience with their own children; but at the same time they worry about appropriate access. Are our national parks really wheelchair-accessible? The answer is a qualified “yes.” Access varies from park to park, so advance planning is a must; however, generally speaking most national parks are a great choice for accessible and affordable family fun.

Finding appropriate accessible lodging is a prime concern for many national park visitors. Camping is the traditional way to enjoy a national park, and some national parks have accessible campsites. Most often, “accessible,” means the campground has a level campsite, accessible parking and an accessible bathroom. Some national parks go a bit further and have specialty campsites. For example, Rocky Mountain National Park offers accessible back country camping at the Handicamp at Sprague Lake.

Some national parks also have lodges or hotels within the park. Although these facilities are required to be accessible under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, accessible rooms are often limited and difficult to reserve. Sometimes the best option is to look for accessible lodging close to a national park. On the plus side, lodging located just outside of national parks is usually cheaper than the in-park choices.

Accessible facilities and trails vary from park to park, but most parks offer at least an accessible visitors center. Many parks also offer accessible interpretive trails near the visitors center. Some parks, like the Everglades go a bit further. Although this park is composed largely of swamp and marsh areas, there are a number accessible boardwalk trails throughout the Everglades, including the Anhinga Trail. This half-mile boardwalk winds through sawgrass pines and is home to a wealth of bird life. It’s also a great place to get an up-close-and-personal look at the resident alligators.

Over in Yosemite National Park, the newest access upgrade was unveiled in April 2005 — the culmination of the massive ten-year .5 million Yosemite Falls Restoration Project. Designed by the same landscape architect who worked on the FDR Memorial in Washington DC, the project includes a new 3/4-mile paved trail to the bridge at lower Yosemite Falls. The gentle grade allows for wheelchair-access and the wide trail has many pull outs, resting spots and benches along the way. Indeed, for the first time there is barrier-free access to the base of Yosemite Falls.

Crater Lake National Park has varied accessibility; and the wheelchair-accessible Rim Village Trail and Watchman Overlook provide stunning views of the lake. And over in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, visitors can walk or roll along the Cades Cove Loop on Wednesday and Saturday mornings from May until September. During this time, this 11 mile loop is closed to automobile traffic; and it’s one of the most scenic trails in the park. And Although the natural entrance to Carlsbad Caverns is not accessible, visitors can reach the Big Room by elevator. This huge cavern has spectacular rock formations, and a large section of it is wheelchair-accessible

No matter which national park you choose to visit, advance research is a must. The best place to start is on the National Park Service website (which is NPS dot gov). Some parks have access information listed, while others only have contact phone numbers. Sometimes you just have to pick up the phone and talk directly with a park employee to find out about access.

Park rangers can also be a good source of access information. For example, even though I’ve frequented Yosemite National Park for over 40 years, last year a park ranger clued me in about the access at Washburn Point. Located just a half mile below Glacier Point, Washburn Point is nicely accessible, has spectacular views and is less crowded than nearby Glacier Point. The ranger was well-versed in access issues because his sister is a wheelchair-user. Remember, it never hurts to ask about access. You might just be surprised by the answers you get.

Finally, don’t forget about the America the Beautiful Access Pass, which you can find at the NPS website, it’s a lifetime pass for free admission to all national parks, monuments, historic sites, recreation areas and wildlife refuges. This money saving pass is available free to any US resident with a permanent disability, and it can be obtained at any National Park entrance. Don’t leave home without your America the Beautiful Access Pass.

21 Lanzarote Attractions – Timanfaya

21 Lanzarote Attractions – Timanfaya

The Montañas del Fuego (Fire Mountains), to give them there proper name were created in the 1730’s when more than 100 volcanos in what is now the National Park, rose up to devastate the southern part of the island. Eruptions lasted for six years and several villages were completely destroyed. The last eruption on the island was in 1824.

Because Lanzarote has such low rainfall (and therefore a lack of erosion) the area appears much as it did at the time and in 1968 the area was declared a national park “Parque Nacional de Timanfaya”.

We decided to make a full day of this trip and we firmly believe that this a must see for any visitor to the island, because of its unique ‘martian’ landscape and rare plant species. On entry to the national park (entrance was around 8 euros per person, as I recall, and the small children were free as is usual at many of the islands attractions), the first thing to catch our eye were camels and of course we had to stop because the children wanted a ride !

An hour or so later, we arrived at the Car park of the Islote de Hilario, where we saw a crowd of people standing around a hole. This was to be the first of two quite stunning demonstrations of just how hot the area is just below the ground. We were told that temperatures a few metres below ground are a staggering 400°C to 600°C.

Dry bushes were thrown into a hole and in less than a minute, it caught fire !

Water was then poured into a bore hole and seconds later the water erupted back into the air as steam and we all got a warm shower because we were standing on the wrong side.

Next up was the ‘El Diablo’ restaurant, another creation of the famous artist (Cesar Manrique), whose influence is everywhere on the island. Here we find traditional Canarian food cooked using geothermal heat (A cast-iron grill placed over a large hole in the ground). Where else in the world can you get your food cooked on a volcano !

We then went on a coach trip of the National Park (part of the entrance fee). If your feeling a little queasy or don’t like heights don’t sit by the window as it can be quite scary (but very safe and the children absolutely loved it). The coach stops at several strategic points in order that you can get some amazing pictures and film (so don’t forget to take the camera/video with you). During the trip we listened to recorded narration based on words captured by the priest of Yaiza at the time of the eruptions.

Another great day and another great attraction.

Hello From New York City – Part 2 – Exploring Mid-Town Manhattan

Hello From New York City – Part 2 – Exploring Mid-Town Manhattan

Since our plane landed nice and early we had virtually a whole day left to explore yesterday. The weather was pretty nice, quite sunny when we started, although it clouded over a little and was a little on the cool side, it never got much above 15 degrees Celsius.

Around noon time we hopped on the Q subway line, which is literally 5 minutes from our bed and breakfast, and we made our way into Manhattan. The subway actually emerges at the Manhattan Bridge and we got a good look at the Brooklyn Bridge and the south-eastern tip of Manhattan.

We decided to get off on Times Square, figuring that this would be pretty good place to start exploring NYC. Times Square, with all its neon advertising signs, and promotional displays is something else. The sidewalks were totally full of people strolling and tons of promoters were handing out flyers for broadway shows, comedy shows and other entertainment events. There is so much advertising in the Times Square area with lights and displays blinking everywhere, that the individual advertisements actually started to run into one another in my mind, probably not the effect the advertisers tried to achieve. Indeed, the hustle and bustle in this area is huge and can get a little overwhelming.

We strolled around that area for a while, and walked by Rockefeller Center, although we did not get to explore the whole complex. Then we tracked down Grand Central Terminal and walked through this grandiose historic train station which opened in 1913. There are over 100 commuter train platforms at Grand central and they all run off a glorious central concourse.

The east side of Grand Central opens out almost straight onto the Chrysler Building, and considering that I am a huge fan of Art Deco skyscrapers, I had to go inside this 1929 masterpiece. As a tourist you can only access the lobby, but the central area with its ceiling mural and the authentic Art Deco elevators (and their doors covered in wood marquetry) are definitely worth a little detour.

Then we snaked our way up towards Central Park, mostly on Lexington and Fifth Avenues. We walked by the (apparently just closed) famous Plaza Hotel and into the south end of Central Park, a masterpiece of landscape design and 850 acres of much-needed recreational space by the famous landscape designer Frederick Law Olmstead. We only explored the south end, including the Dairy and Sheep Meadow and headed out onto Central Park West with all its stately apartment buildings, including the Dakota Building, in front of which John Lennon was shot in 1980. The Strawberry Fields hillside garden was dedicated to his memory.

Everything is blooming here right now, and New York City is definitely a few weeks ahead of Toronto in terms of the horticultural cycle. Something was in the air, and I had to sneeze about a hundred times, and by the end of the day we both had to pick up some allergy medication since we were both battling major hayfever symptoms.

Then a brief hop on the subway later, we popped up again in Greenwich Village, a beautiful neighbourhood of brownstone townhouses and took in the ambience. We ended up at a nice little restaurant on 7th Avenue, called “Pennyfeathers” where we had a beautiful dinner in an enclosed porch so we could take in the street life.

A couple of subway rides later we came back to our temporary home in Brooklyn where we dropped into bed exhausted from all the walking, trying to catch up on a bit of rest for the next day.

Budget Snowmobile Vacations in Yellowstone National Park

Budget Snowmobile Vacations in Yellowstone National Park

One of the most popular vacation spots for snowmobilers is Yellowstone National Park. With its unmatched beauty and the serenity of the wide-open landscape, snowmobilers often spend their winter vacations enjoying snowmobiling and other winter activities in the park. The consistent snowfall and winter conditions in the northwestern region of the United States makes Yellowstone the ideal place for planning your next winter vacation. With several available vacation packages and options in the area, vacationers can enjoy a thrilling experience without blowing out their budget.

Yellowstone National Park has a variety of packages designed to accommodate any budget. There are several facilities surrounding the park that offer a complete line of equipment rentals for either vacationers who do not own their own snowmobiles and equipment or those who just want to be free of the hassle of hauling them to their destination. Businesses like Yellowstone Adventure specialize in carrying the latest up-to-date snowmobile models and accessories so guests are assured they are renting the best and safest equipment available. These rental facilities provide an expert and customer-oriented staff and some offer maintenance and repair services for snowmobilers who bring their own equipment.

Vacationers on a budget will also appreciate the variety of overnight and extended stay packages available to them. Several facilities provide packages that include one day and two nights’ stay in the surrounding vacation rentals starting from 5 per person. For extended stays, guests can choose up to six nights and seven days for a thorough exploration of the activities that wintertime in Yellowstone has to offer. These rates also include snowmobile and safety equipment rental for convenience with upgrades available for an extra cost. If these do not meet the needs of guests, the vacation rental facilities offer customized packages in order to ensure satisfying any winter vacationer.

For inexperienced Yellowstone snowmobilers, the surrounding vacation facilities will provide guided snowmobile trips along the thousands of miles of groomed snowmobile trails throughout the park. The tours are specifically designed to meet the varied skills and experiences of the snowmobilers in the group so everybody is assured to have an exciting ride through the park. For families and groups who want to enjoy snowmobiling through the park together, facilities also provide private tours and guides.

For snowmobilers who live or visit the area of Yellowstone National Park, rental facilities provide daily rental rates. This can save money for those who are planning a daytrip to the park. Renting a snowmobile for a few hours from a nearby facility is less expensive and undoubtedly less hassle then hauling your snowmobile equipment to the park yourself. With insurance provided and a complete list of snowmobile amenities (such as thumb warmers, a cargo area, etc.) is available so renters can pick the right one for them. Yellowstone rental facilities are also kind enough to include the first tank of fuel with each snowmobile rental.

Many inexperienced snowmobilers can be intimidated by the prices and expensive of an enjoyable winter vacation. This might result in some people to avoid planning a snowmobiling vacation altogether as they are afraid of the large expense. However, with a little research, many interested vacationers will often find ways to get the most for their money. The facilities in and around Yellowstone National Park are dedicated to allowing snowmobilers have a thrilling snowmobile vacation without exceeding their budgets.

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Pitigliano The Little Jerusalem In Maremma

Pitigliano The Little Jerusalem In Maremma

Pitigliano is a small town in Italy, situated south of Florence and north of Rome. Pitigliano is situated on the top of a steep tuff of a volcanic magma.

Pitigliano was considered the home of Jews. They shared the habitat with the gentile population of the town in a harmonious manner and together contributed for the cultural and social development of both communities. The village landscape reminds you of the Jerusalem city. The tuff rock bears unison with the medieval structures. The picturesque of the emerging grayish cluster of buildings from the dark woods brings the memory of the days of the Jewish community in this small religious city. Its culture and civilization is a tribute to the enduring devotion of the minority Jewish community towards this city.

The natural attractions of Pitigliano are the wild forest surrounding the cliff and the creeks that are developed into deep valleys. The largest Italian lake, Lake Bolsena is situated near Pitigliano. The landscape of Pitigliano is beautified with Mount Amiata, a 1738-meter high volcano that was separated from it long time ago. The Maremma coast extends 50 kilometers from Pitigliano with beautiful beaches that are not invaded by the human activities.

The city’s cultural establishments prove the dedication of the Jewish community towards the development of the culture. The Jewish University of Pitigliano was established during the flourishing days of the community in this small city.

Other attractions of Pitigliano are the following.

The Orsini-Castle- This medieval castle is situated at the entrance of the town. There is an archeological museum inside the Orsini Castle that recollects the ancient Jewish culture and activities.

The Orsini Park: Situated on the road to Sorano is the park that was created towards the end of 16th century. The notable features of the park are the statues and stone seats that are carved from the tuff stones.

Museum of the Giubbonaia – This unique museum is characterized by its collection of agricultural and household tools that were used in the ancient days. There is a labyrinth that takes you to the underground through the foundation of the museum. The labyrinth showcases the architectural talents that the Jews possessed in those days.

Piazza: There is a chapel inside the Piazza that had a collection of frescos. As time and history changed, the Piazza was modified, and now its highlights are the two bars, Bar Centrale and the Bar Italia that rise to the vicinity leaving the chapel underneath.

Synagogue: It is one of the historical remnants of the Jewish culture. It is located under the cathedral in the former entrance to the city via Zuccarelli.

The medieval painters were deeply influenced by the city of Pitigliano, especially its deep and winding streets that lead the city towards the valley. These streets are dug out from the steep tuff, with their walls more than 10 meters high.

Pitigliano bears a romantic tone with lots of memories of its ancestors, who made it a castle of hope. So if you are a connoisseur of medieval culture and art, come and join the league of those famous artists who were deeply influenced by this city.

3 Highlights Of Kvarner

3 Highlights Of Kvarner

Thanks to its mild winters and hot summers, Kvarner has slowly become an extremely popular destination for travelers. Located in the Mediterranean, Kvarner has been able to expand its tourism base while maintaining a solid industry to support the economy. If you plan on taking a trip to Kvarner, here are three places that you should make sure you don’t miss out on:

Krk: Krk is an island located in Kvarner bay. It is one of the biggest islands in this area, being at a size of approximately four hundred and nine square kilometers. One interesting fact about Krk is that it receives over twenty-five hundred hours of sun every year. If you are able to make it to Krk, make sure to visit Cave Biserujka, Bay Soline and Kosljun. Popular activities on the island of Krk include diving, walking, various sports and a variety of adventure activities including mountain biking, sea kayaking and trekking.

Rab: Rab features an extremely unique landscape. On the northeastern side of the island, the landscape is mostly bare. However, on the southwestern side of the island, the landscape is covered with green pine forests. Rab has become an extremely popular location for travelers because of its breathtaking beaches and many events, which include the Rab Medieval festival and Rab arbalest tournament.

Opatija: Opatija, which is known as the Pearl of the Adriatic Sea, is located below a mountain and next to a nature park. Regardless of whether you want to vacation in the summer or winter, Opatija has a lot of excellent things to offer. Opatija is well-known for its parks, beaches, rustic Austrian villas, seaside promenade and of course, its natural beauty. If you enjoy cultural activities, Opatija offers many one of a kind cultural events like exhibits, festivals and indoor & outdoor concerts.

Travel Photography: National Parks In The Usa

Travel Photography: National Parks In The Usa

Photographers, amateur and professional alike, can turn a summer road trip into an exciting and challenging photo opportunity. Scenic national parks throughout the continental United States provide wildlife and landscape vistas not found anywhere else. In addition, if you’re really looking carefully, the wonders of nature can be found on most roads and highways.

Opportunity abounds for great pictures in Glacier National Park, for example. This area was formed by glaciers and remains in its primitive condition for the most part. Only one road crosses the Park. Bears, wolves, bighorn sheep, mountain goats, deer, elk and moose are the larger carnivores who call this Park home. Various habitats provide conditions for a variety of plant and animal life, thus creating a unique environment not equaled anywhere else in the country.

Late June and July offers opportunity for a spectacular wild flower display that will thrill photographers. Some short roads (more like trails) lead to trail heads that one can traverse to find the fields of flowers throughout the park. Some perimeter roads also provide this opportunity. Autumn brings the blazing colors that mark the beauty of nature’s changing seasons. And photographers love blazing color.

Early morning shots of wildlife grazing are available for early risers. Traveling Going-To-The-Sun Road (the one that crosses the park) and taking some of the offshoot roads leads you to grazing areas. There is also opportunity for pictures that combine wildlife and wildflowers, an especially staggering display of nature’s beauty.

Other photo ops in national parkland include Bryce Canyon, also formed by glaciers and the Grand Staircase in Escalante, New Mexico. Arizona and Utah offer Monument Valley and its grand rock formations that were formed by wind and water erosion. Yellowstone National Park will be a national favorite for many years to come.

Our national parks are among the most spectacular in the world.

Landscape Architect Mario Nivera

Landscape Architect Mario Nivera

Landscape architecture and designing is probably the most up coming allied branch of construction. It can be best defined as the art of planning, designing, managing, preserving and rehabilitating the land and as well as human-made constructs. The complete restructuring of land ensures that the land can be utilized for further construction activities.

The scale of this line of work includes architectural design, planning of site, estate development, and environmental restoration, urban planning and design, town planning and design, recreational and historic preservation. A practitioner in the field of landscape and designing is referred to as a landscape architect.

Many people these days are opting for an exclusive residential option that speak of originality and creativity. If you have the eye for artistic details and are willing to spend money, then Mario Nivera landscape architect is the person to go to. A prominent landscape architect, Mr. Nivera has a wealth of experience in his stream of expertise.

He is the designer brains behind the 3,000-square-foot terrace on New York’s Upper East Side. He also was the designer responsible for the restoration and expansion of a 13-acre garden in Southampton, N.Y. and it was his expertise that saw the layout of the Haverford School in Haverford undergo vital improvements.

Mario Nivera landscape architect is currently focusing on three large projects. They are the designing of a 3 acre important abode in Palm Beach. Since he specializes in designing gardens, Mr. Nivera will be personally supervising the plan for gardens of three different dwellings in Miami’s Indian Creek. He is also designing exotic garden get aways in Antigua, British West Indies, and Harbor Island. The 2007 CLCA San Diego awarded him with the first position under the category Estate residential construction. Mr. Nivera works in Elite Landscape Development.

Mario Nivera landscape architect believes that a beautiful garden can be grown by anyone who has the passion and interest in gardening. He recommends fountain grass as the plant that anyone can grow. He believes that pruning clippers remain the best tool that a gardener can have. It permits easy pruning and clipping of the shrubs thus making the garden appear neat and well maintained.

This famous landscape designer derives inspiration for his work from mundane activities like a walk in Central Park or even looking at art pieces or maybe fine dining. For the enthusiastic gardeners, he recommends terra cotta pots lend a unique beauty to the lay out of the gardens. He feels that outdoor furniture that can be used in gardens should be chic and easy to maintain.

Landscape designing is a stream of architecture that is dynamic in terms of current trends and Mario Nivera landscape architect emphasizes on this point. He feels that the field will see new revolutions in terms of designs. His personal opinion is that long edged swimming pools are passé.

He has noted that his clients are now opting for light-colored pavestones in gardens, such as limestone in place of dark bluestone which was popular in the earlier days. He believes that owing to its dark color, bluestone retains heat.

He suggests a garden with beds of white carpet roses. He recommends tropical plants like potted bougainvillea for the northern climates. .

Visit Bryce Canyon – One of America’s Secret Natural Highlights

Visit Bryce Canyon – One of America’s Secret Natural Highlights

Bryce Canyon, named after Ebenezer Bryce who settled in the area in the 1850s, is situated in the south of Utah. Receiving National Park status in 1928, the park is around 55 square miles of breathtaking natural rugged beauty. Although smaller and quieter (most tourists make their way to the Grand Canyon, or nearby Zion National Park), Bryce Canyon is a park that has much to offer in terms of original natural features. In particular, viewing the hoodoos – which can reach heights of 200 meters – and the vibrant color of the natural landscape are worth the visit and admission price. If geology interests you, this is a must do on your travel itinerary if you are traveling through this part of Utah.

At the visitor center, you can watch a short film which is a great introduction to the park. Afterwards check out if there are any ranger programs that you can take part in that day, or just hike/drive around and enjoy the spectacular views from the many observation points throughout the park. For those who enjoy winter sports, there are opportunities for show shoeing or cross country ski-ing, or during the warmer months, there are horseback riding tours that last between 2-4 hours – check with the park in advance to check if you are able to reserve a place on any specific activities you’d like to do.

For those who enjoy wandering around and learning from exhibits, current displays in the museum include geology, wildlife and star gazing. For anyone interested in the geology of Bryce Canyon, there are frequent geology talks in the park.

Bryce Canyon may not be as expansive as Grand Canyon, but it has a rugged charm of its own and is well worth a visit if you’re in the area.

Atlanta Landscape Architect

Atlanta Landscape Architect

There are so many landscape architecture and graphic design firms in Atlanta. The landscape architects of these firms create innovative landscape designs. Atlanta landscape architects are specialists in striking balance between natural surroundings and built environment. They offer customized design plants to clients. They also grant landscape design patterns perfectly – no matter whether the design is traditional or contemporary, formal or casual.

Atlanta landscape architects offer dedicated and timely service to clients. Quality service is the first and foremost commitment of these architects. They maintain good relationship with clients, contractors and suppliers.

Some of the special services offered by Atlanta landscape architects are listed below:

The landscape architect firms in Atlanta specialize in distinctive garden designs for various clients. Their garden designs suit the tastes, styles and needs of the clients. In fact garden in home is not a place simply for plants. You can relax yourself in your garden after long hours of working in a stuffy office. You can enjoy a night party or dinner in the garden. You can even cook in the outdoor with the help of garden grill. Atlanta landscape architects help to make your dreams a reality.

The highly trained experts of Atlanta landscape architect firms help you make specialty gardens like shaded, wild life, butterfly, cutting flower, cottage, and garden kitchen and so on. You can also seek their help to maintain a container garden in your patio or front porch that can make your home really appealing.

They also help you select trees, shrubs, perennial and draught tolerant plants. You can get tips from them with respect to garden maintenance. They can also arrange for excellent garden lighting. They can provide environmentally friendly landscape design.

Some other Landscape architect firms in Atlanta provide various specialty services like interior landscaping, green roofing, ponds, outdoor lighting, lawn design, and recreational design and so on. They also provide some special landscape designs that need less maintenance.

Atlanta landscape architects also provide removal services like tree removal, stump and root removal, lot clearing, hazardous removal etc. They provide quality service in this work. They help you by removing these problems without any damage to the nearby buildings.

Most of the landscape architecture firms in Atlanta provide various irrigation systems like sprinkler system and other irrigation services. They help in irrigating plants, lawns and trees in park, recreation or other public places with comparatively less amount of water. Their irrigation plan is environment friendly and so the design earns better reputation among people and Government agencies.

The landscape architect firms in Atlanta offer superior quality service. They provide great attention to detail and design. They have rich knowledge in selecting the materials used for various landscapes. They also provide wide variety of designs for enclosed and screened porches. They also help in selecting right furniture for outdoor landscape.

Since these architects are willing to provide an array of low maintenance landscape designs, you can select anyone that suits your dream and budget easily. There are some award winning landscape architect firms in Atlanta.

You can also select such firms in order to get an innovative design plan to fulfill your dream.

Landscape Architects in Los Angeles

Landscape Architects in Los Angeles

Provide services in various work settings like residential and commercial areas, Courtyard, Custom garden, conceptual design of garden structures like garden benches, gazebos, conceptual design of spa and pool, patio. Deck and so on. They also offer outstanding services in irrigation plan, fountain plan, landscape lighting and so on.

Landscape architect Los Angeles offer numerous landscape designs and plans in order to create an aesthetic architecture and natural settings. The Park Slope design in Los Angeles, California is one of the outstanding projects of Landscape architects in Los Angeles. Joan Grabel is one among them who is basically a painter. Her passion for color and form provides excellent look to the design. She unites both functionality and beauty in her landscape design.

Landscape architect Los Angeles firms offer professional and skilled employees to meet all your landscape needs. They provide quality customer service within the specified time. Some firms are specialists in gutter cleaning, power raking and bush hogging, field mowing and so on. They provide draught tolerant landscape design. They use Computer aided graphic design for providing innovative plans and designs to clients.

There are number of professional landscape architects in Los Angeles who would offer you services in lawn care and maintenance. They help in estate management through their environmentally friendly designs and plans. You can seek their help for fence designing, lawn sanding, and non toxic lawn care and so on. They also offer services in mulching, tree removal, leaf removal, flower bed work, fertilization, pruning, spraying, seeding and landscape renovation works. They also help in sprinkler installation and tree trimming, pond installation etc.

There are special firms that deal with landscape architect Los Angeles who offer tree services. Their expertise in tree services helps you in clean up jobs. They generally use modern equipments and radio dispatched trucks in tree removal process. They provide tree maintenance services for both residential and commercial customers. They offer restoration services by pruning to remove the dead, diseased or broken limbs of the trees and also help in insect identification and eradication.

Most of the landscape architects in Los Angeles are willing to offer environmentally friendly landscape designs. They also offer low maintenance landscape designs for those who maintain a wonderful landscape with zero or less maintenance work. Outdoor lighting is becoming more important nowadays for safety as well as appealing look to the property. Hence landscape architect firms also focus their attempts in outdoor lighting systems.

Los Angeles landscape architects grant innovative plans and designs that are technically feasible in order to provide aesthetic appearance and functionality without disturbing the natural resources. They also help in selecting plant types that are suitable for the soil, terrain and region. They specify which irrigation system is suitable for your area. They also help in installation of such irrigation system.

Therefore they help the clients to use water promptly and to accomplish their tasks. Since they are experts in designing draught tolerant landscape design, they help in building environmentally sustainable projects.

Questions Answered about Snowmobiling in Yellowstone National Park

Questions Answered about Snowmobiling in Yellowstone National Park

Yellowstone National Park is one of the favorite places for avid snowmobilers to go to enjoy a thrilling adventure. However, in recent years, the future of snowmobiling in the park is questionable due to the added pollution and danger to the natural beauty of the area. Snowmobilers who have enjoyed vacations in the park for many years have concerns regarding this winter vacation spot. Others have other questions about snowmobiling in Yellowstone. Following are some answers to many of the concerns that have been discussed in relation to snowmobiling in Yellowstone National Park.

Vacationers who enjoy snowmobiling in Yellowstone will be able to continue enjoying thrilling rides and exciting opportunities along the thousands of miles of trails available in the park. The park rangers and officials have decided that snowmobiling in Yellowstone can continue, but they have placed several restrictions on this privilege in order to maintain the pristine beauty of the surrounding landscape. Snowmobiles will need to be quieter models with a more efficient exhaust system to minimize the amount of pollution pumped into the park’s fresh air. As a result, vacationers will need to make plans and reservations in advance because of the fewer number of snowmobilers allowed in the park each day.

Some inexperienced users are intimidated by the opportunities available in Yellowstone. Since it is such a popular place for snowmobilers, first-timers often feel that it is a place for experts and thrill-seekers. This is not the case. Most of the guests that vacation at Yellowstone are inexperienced or first-time snowmobilers. The park facilities offer many services to accommodate these vacationers. Lessons and tour guides are available to ensure that each snowmobiler will find exactly what they are looking for in Yellowstone. Snowmobiles are machines that are easy to operate, so it takes very little time for first-timers to learn how to operate and maneuver one properly.

Yellowstone facilities also offer extra protective clothing to go along with snowmobile rentals or as separate items. Accessories that are specially designed to keep out the frigid winter weather, such as boots, gloves, and snowmobile pants, are offered to guests who may have forgotten their equipment or preferred to forego the hassle of packing them for the trip. Helmets and other safety gear are available, too. Many of the newer models of snowmobiles for rent include heated handlebars, seats, and the heat from the motor also blows on you as you blaze across the winter landscape. For added comfort and convenience, along the trails the snowmobiler is never more than 27 miles away from a bathroom or rest facility, either.

Tours throughout Yellowstone can be customized to fit your group’s needs. Some tours begin early in the morning and last all day with a return to your lodging accommodations by early evening. The more thrilling and strenuous tours can last for days while others may only last for a few hours. Choosing the best tour to fit your needs is totally up to you and your group. With either choice, the tour guide always makes several stops so snowmobilers can enjoy the awe-inspiring Yellowstone scenery and relax in the natural surroundings. Tours through the park are meant to be stress-free and enjoyable, so the guides will not push the group to do anything that will disturb your enjoyment of the experience. For added comfort, inexperienced riders can choose to ride on a snowmobile with an adult in the group if they are intimidated by snowmobiling alone.

Yellowstone National Park snowmobiling tour packages include everything needed for an enjoyable tour through the snowy landscape of the park. Snowmobiles, clothing, safety equipment, and even food and lodging are combined into one simple package price which leaves the snowmobiling vacationer worry-free during their stay. With everything provided, avid and first-time snowmobilers can rest easy knowing that their Yellowstone experience will undoubtedly be a thrilling and enjoyable time that they will want to experience during every winter season.

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Best Snowmobile Trails

Best Snowmobile Trails

Snowmobile enthusiasts spend many of their vacations looking for the best places to ride their sleds. Accommodations are not the only that makes a snowmobile vacation a memorable experience, but for many adventurous people, the snowmobile trails provide the most memorable aspect for any winter vacation. Doing research before planning a snowmobile trip to Yellowstone National Park will often cut down the amount of time needed to find the most thrilling trails, leaving vacationers to use more of their vacation time enjoying the snowmobiling activities in the area.

Yellowstone National Park contains one of the most celebrated snowmobile trail systems in the country. Snowmobilers have made this a favorite winter vacation spot because of the effort and dedication that the staff and local agencies provide to keeping the pristine beauty of the park untouched. Visiting Yellowstone during the winter months gives snowmobilers an amazing view of the snow-covered trees and landscape that adds to the enjoyment of a the thrilling snowmobile rides through their groomed and well-maintained trails. Park officials help to keep Yellowstone beautiful by regulating the types of snowmobiles allowed and the sizes, too. This keeps the ground underneath the snow from getting torn up and looking disheveled.

In the western Montana and adjacent eastern Idaho sections of Yellowstone National Park, snowmobilers will find a variety of thousands of miles of groomed trails for inexperienced users. On the other hand the more adventurous snowmobilers will enjoy the ungroomed trails that are available in the park. This gives more experienced users the thrill of the pioneering spirit by snowmobiling through the winding trails and forests that have been untouched by the officials and trail-grooming equipment.

The Two Top Mountain in West Yellowstone is great for inexperienced riders and snowmobilers who want to enjoy a glorious landscape view atop some of the hills and mountains within the park. The trails begin at the Island Park Village and end in a steep and thrilling area of rough and unpredictable snow drifts that are difficult to navigate through. The wide open space causes the snow to stick to the trees to form spectacular sculptured landscapes that make the treacherous snowmobile ride worth every minute.

Yellowstone National Park offers several other wonderful trails to make any snowmobile riding vacation a pleasurable experience. The Big Springs Trail is rich in mountain terrain with warming huts along the way for snowmobilers to rest and appreciate the surrounding scenic views of the mountain landscape. Riders can also choose to experience a variety of thrills with other Yellowstone trails like the Bear Gulch and the Mesa Falls Trails. Beginning snowmobilers will appreciate the Sawtell Loop – a simple trail that winds over the Sawtell Peak and through the foothills and meadows of the park while providing exquisite views along the way. Other trails include the Meadow Creek Trail, the Chick Creek Loop, and the Lion Head Loop, all specifically designed to fit the varied needs and skills of park visitors.

The variety of trails and the more thrilling options are what make Yellowstone National Park one of the most desired vacation spots for snowmobilers. The measures taken by the officials and park rangers help to ensure that winter vacationers can always enjoy the pristine beauty of the park. The plethora of breathtaking views that snowmobilers will undoubtedly appreciate only adds to the popularity of Yellowstone’s miles of trails. If Yellowstone National Park is included in the planning for your next snowmobile vacation, you will not be disappointed.

Landscape Architects in Oregon

Landscape Architects in Oregon

Can register with the Oregon Licensures, permits and Registration directory board as a landscape architect provided they have successfully completed two or more sections of LARE as a landscape architect in Training. They need to continue to register every year with the board as Landscape architect in training until they complete all the portions of LARE exam. Once they have passed the exam, they have eligibility to get licensure within the state of Oregon.

In order to register as Landscape architect in training with Oregon board the candidate needs to submit the application form for registration along with the proof of passing at least 2 sections of LARE exam. He\she also needs to provide original transcript of record.

It is important for a landscape architect in Oregon to register with the Oregon state Landscape architect board to practice his\her profession. Landscape architect in Oregon provides numerous services in the field of public health, safety and welfare of the people through planning and designing environmentally friendly projects. In fact the actual work of a landscape architect is to preserve and protect natural resources by planning the perfect use of land which preserve natural system and at the same time accomplishes the people’s needs.

Landscape architects in Oregon need to maintain their professional responsibility and service. Site design is one of the important works of a landscape architect and he\she needs to plan for a sensitive site design that does not compromise functionality and artistic appearance of the landscape. Tom McCall Waterfront Park in Portland is the most famous award winning space design of Oregon Landscape architects.

Landscape architects in the state of Oregon involve in the restoration and renovation process of degraded sites. They make some upgrading changes in order to improve the appearance and value of the property. They have planned and designed the Multnomah Falls in the state of Oregon which becomes a popular recreation site in Oregon nowadays. The landscape architects in Oregon also plan and design the renovation project of Portland parks.

Landscape architects also involve in planning and designing transportation passage and nodes in order to improve the functionality and appearance. The early landscape architects made some innovative plans which were then implemented by successive architects. Forty mail loop trail in Portland is the great example of the innovative plans of landscape architects in Oregon.

The landscape architects in the state provide an outstanding part to the uplift of the landscape areas in Oregon. Their role to preserve natural resources has made the state beautiful. They are planning and designing the Forest Park in Portland, Columbia George National scenic area and the Willamette River green way. These architects combine their knowledge of natural and behavioral sciences with their expertise in design and artwork.

Though landscape architects in Oregon work in various work settings like private offices, public places, colleges, Universities and so on, they never forget their responsibility of preserving natural resources along with the functionality.

Therefore they focus their plan and design conserving and managing lands and other natural resources.

Famous Landscape Architects

Famous Landscape Architects

Landscape architecture has been recognized as a distinct profession only in the early 20th century. However this field has number of famous landscape architects within this short period. American society of landscape architects provides the list of some of the famous landscape architects in U.S and Canada.

Dr. Jacob Bigelow was the first landscape designer in United States who proposed different types of uses for graveyard. Thomas D. Church was one of the best landscape architects who had done more than 4000 projects. He was the creator of California garden which was designed to suit the Mediterranean climate and this garden requires low maintenance and high longevity for the native plants. He designed more than 2000 home gardens in California. He also designed public gardens of University of California.

Horace W.S Cleveland is yet another famous landscape architect who suggested some basic changes in the sanitation, park system, town residences etc in major cities of America. Charles Eliot made distinctive achievements in the landscape architecture which include Metropolitan Park and open space systems in Boston. Beatrix Jones Farrand was one among the founders of American Society of landscape architecture and she is famous for her work on Yale University quadrangles.

Fletcher Steele is one of the famous landscape architects who had designed number of suburban residential gardens. In the past decades, lawn area in every American home was ubiquitous. Fletcher Steele was against this pattern and he supported the need of privacy in the lawn area. NaumKeag in Massachusetts is one of his famous landscapes. He had promoted variety of garden types and he suggested some ways to use garden as an outdoor living space. He supported the need of functional elements in a garden like vegetable garden, fruit garden etc.

Most of the people consider Fredrick Law Olmsted as the founder of landscape architecture. But he considered himself as an environmental planner. He had designed many city parks including the famous Central park in New York City. He had also designed number of parks in Boston city.

Andrew Jackson Downing is yet another one of famous landscape architects who is also considered as the founder of landscape gardening. He had focused his design plans more for gardens only. He had designed gardens in numerous middle class homes in America. Since he was basically a nurseryman, he had the ability to judge the plant types suitable for variety of soil and land. He provides help to grow native plants in home gardens.

Thomas Jefferson was not only a landscape designer but he was also a politician. He designed so many estates for his friends. He devoted his efforts in designing gardens. He was proud to be called as a gardener.

Hideo Sasaki provided dedicated work for the creation of landscape architecture. He insisted that landscape architecture can be a part of architecture, civil engineering and planning. He provided various improvements in the landscape designs. His great achievements include urban design improvements in Pennsylvania.

Apart from the above mentioned landscape architects, there are number of famous architects who dedicate their efforts in order to upgrade this field.

Rapair to Landscape Architect

Rapair to Landscape Architect

Landscape architect repair involve numerous projects like improving landscapes of parks, recreation, hospitals and residential areas. Their work includes designing, planning and repairing extensive landscapes. A professional landscape architect is one who not only specializes in designing innovative landscape designs but also provides some repairing services to the client with less or no damage to the surroundings.

Home, landscape architect repair and renovation process is becoming famous among people all over the world in order to increase the appeal of the home as well as the value of the property. Landscape architect helps in home repairs. He would work with you in your home and garden repairing works. In fact the eyes of landscape architect are powerful in detecting even minor repair requirements in home or garden landscapes than that of civil engineers.

The environmental changes all over the world call for repairing sites as they are highly disturbed by such changes. A landscape architect who has the basic knowledge of the terrain, water system, drainage channels and so on is capable of detecting the repairs and therefore he\she is more helpful in any renovation process. But most people may tend to repair the problem without understanding the underlying cause and this in turn may lead to severe ecological loss. Therefore a landscape architect is essential for repairing work.

It is believed that humans are disconnected with nature. However it becomes possible nowadays to get close to nature through environmental management and landscape repairing plans. For instance, if we give an opportunity to a landscape architect to repair a local park, then he would help restore or repair a stream in the park and thereby helps us to get connected to the nature around us.

Landscape architect repairs not only to improve the value of any property but to provide an opportunity for us to be connected with nature. Repairing the local park can even help us visiting it often rather than planning for far flung exotic places. Nowadays it is rather important to restore the landscapes in order to preserve the natural resources.

Landscape architect repair can help in ecological restoration which ranges from small scale urban park to huge wetland improvement. In any cases, the landscape architect requires to repair the ecosystem which has been lost or damaged. Though repairing ecology by a landscape architect requires lot of work and time as well as dollars, the process surely benefits to preserve our valuable natural resources. Hence restoration ecology is given higher priority in most of the States in US.

Planning the ecological restoration is however difficult and requires high amount of expertise in the field. Therefore landscape architecture firms specializing in repairing work would be carefully scrutinized and then the project would be given to the best firm. Designing the repair of landscapes involves more complexity and it is the heart of the restoration process. Hence, care and attention is given by the landscape architect in the repairing design work.

This is important because sometimes ecological restoration may even harm natural resources and such cases would be considered for legal action. Therefore, landscape architect who specializes in planning repair works can be allotted this type of project.

Landscape Archietcts in New York City

Landscape Archietcts in New York City

Have provided an immense part in the development of New York City. Many parks in New York City had been renovated for use by Landscape architects New York City. Charles Downing Lay was one among them who contributed major part in the renovation of city parks. He believed that people living in large city like New York like some rural settings in the parks instead of modern urbanization.

Therefore the modern landscape parks were gradually appropriated according to the wishes of the general public.

Charles Downing Lay, the landscape architect New York City founded the magazine Landscape architecture. He had great concern for the creation and maintenance of parks and play rounds that not only enhance the city life but also address how the growing population uses the outdoor landscapes.

The central park in New York City is an enormous park and it was designed by the famous landscape architect Fredrick Law Olmsted. This park provides a great relaxation for urban dwellers. They can enjoy the trees, flowers, lakes and wild life in the Central park. It encompasses 800 acres of land and so it can accommodate thousands of city dwellers at a time. Forest park is yet another wonderful park in New York City which was also designed by Fredrick Law Olmsted. It occupies 538 acres of land and has number of trees and flower plants.

The modern landscape architects in New York City create landscapes and buildings that engage both nature and urbanism. They focus their main efforts around creating environmental awareness among people. Some of the landscape architect firms in New York City have received regional and national awards for their innovative landscape designs.

The landscape architects in New York City offer services in various work settings like cemeteries design planning, vegetation management, waterfront development, Scenic and visual design planning, Historic preservation and renovation, restoration of golf courses, parks, public places and recreation, parkways and highways maintenance and so on.

They also help in creating and maintaining landscapes in health care centers, educational institutions, and corporate centers and so on. They grant assistance in the installation of proper irrigation system. They also help in installing or maintaining drainage systems.

Most of the landscape architect firms in New York City provide assistance in urban design. Since landscape with pleasant vegetation is becoming must for everyone who dwells in a busy city like New York, the landscape architects provide assistance to create and maintain a landscape for both residential and commercial property owners. They also offer low maintenance landscape design to the clients.

The landscape architects in New York City provide various designs planning for the clients. Since they need to make changes in the design before starting the project, they use video simulation method. They need to have knowledge in computer aided design and if they need to design a large area of landscape, they use geographic information system which is a computer mapping system.

They also provide assistance in installing proper irrigation system and in planting native plants that can grow well in the garden of th4 clients. They analyze the soil type, terrain and region and recommend plant and tree varieties to the client.